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Some observers (such as Graham Fuller) suggest Islamism's tenets are less strict, and can be defined as a form of identity politics or "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community." Some of these proponents emphasise peaceful political processes, whereas Sayyid Qutb in particular called for violence, and those followers are generally considered Islamic extremists.
However, Qutb, unlike modern extremists, denounced the killing of innocents. Moderate and reformist Islamists who accept and work within the democratic process include parties like the Tunisian Ennahda Movement.
Those who view the Quran as a political model encompass a wide range of Muslims, from mainstream politicians to militants known as jihadi." The relationship between the notions Islam and Islamism has been subject to disagreement.
There was no need for any other term, until the rise of an ideological and political interpretation of Islam challenged scholars and commentators to come up with an alternative, to distinguish Islam as modern ideology from Islam as a faith...Fuller has described as the fundamentalist "guardians of the tradition" (Salafis, such as those in the Wahhabi movement) and the "vanguard of change and Islamic reform" centered around the Muslim Brotherhood.